The Value of Intellectual Property

Scott King Vs. Tommy Lee, Motley Crue

On September 20, 2012 an Intellectual Property lawsuit was filed against Tommy Lee and his band Motley Crue (2012, 17). According to the accuser, Scott King, he developed the idea and concept that Tommy Lee calls the, “Tommy Lee Loop Coaster.” The Loop Coaster is a drum set attached to wheels that follows a loop track. This ultimately allows the drummer to spin with the drum set and play the drums upside down.

Scott King claims that he came up with idea and concept. The intellectual property issues at hand in this case are copyright and patents. King claimed that he told Lee his idea for this invention in secrecy and that a confidentiality agreement was drawn up for this idea. The signed agreement was conveniently lost at some point.

I understand why an individual would be upset if their idea was stolen, as Mr. King claims. He sees the fame and fortune made from concerts that used the Loop Coaster. If Scott King had a patent for his creation, then he could have made a profit by selling it to Motley Crue, other bands, and companies. Another reason a creator would want their work to be protected would be because after one person has patented the idea, they wouldn’t be able to patent or copyright the exact same idea.

Unfortunately for Mr. King, copyright does not protect an idea; especially an idea that he cannot prove that he developed. Copyright only protects a fixed medium, such as the actual Loop Coaster. Since King never obtained a patent or copyright, anyone could create and patent the idea as his or her own.

 

The objective of this post:

  • Appreciate the value of Intellectual Property within the entertainment industry
  • Identify the different types of Intellectual Property
  • Understand how the owners of Intellectual Property benefit from the exclusive rights they hold to their works.
  • Apply concepts from your textbook and additional course readings

 

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Please Vote

*Update*  Voting ended on 8/15/13- I finished in 8th place 🙂

Hey everyone, guess what!? My picture from The Red Hot Chili Peppers concert I attended at the Firefly Music Festival made it into the Top 25! Please follow the link below and vote on my picture! Thanks followers 🙂

https://www.facebook.com/FireflyMusicFestival?sk=app_451684954848385&app_data=view-vote%2Cfor-1072629

June 21, 2013

This is the picture that I entered 🙂

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3 Days of Peace & Music

Independent Research Entry

 

(2009, 19)

”[to crowd] This is the largest group of people ever assembled in one place, and I think you people have proven something to the world: that a half a million kids can get together and have three days of fun and music and have nothing *but* fun and music, and I God bless you for it!” – Max Yagsur

(1969)

(1969)

Woodstock
The Woodstock Music Festival was held on August 1969 in New York State. At this time the stress levels in America were at a record high! A new president was just elected, the Vietnam War was still taking place, and protests were on the rise (2013, 01)! It seemed like there was no escape from the negativity, like there was no hope. Finally, four men decided to create an event that would create peace through freedom, love, and music. This event would not only change the lives of the 400,000 concert attendees and the 32 acts, but it would change Rock & Roll music forever.

The Impact on Music
First of all, I must say that Woodstock wasn’t the drug infested, chaotic, violent party that the media portrayed it to be in 1969. The intended purpose of Woodstock played out just as the creators hoped; it demonstrated peace and a place for the world to get away from their problems for a few days.

Big names, such as Jimi Hendrix, Joe Cocker, Carlos Santana, and Janis Joplin, performed at the festival. With 32 amazing and popular bands, with the rainy weather, and the thousands of people, it is a wonder how violence and chaos did not erupt. This was proof that love could conquer everything. This was what America needed to prove that Rock & Roll didn’t promote violence, as many say. Rock & Roll could bring peace and comfort through live music. As Mr. Miller said (2013, 01), “It had become a market that the music industry had yet to fully tap.”

Woodstock was the start to a large array of music festivals across the United States. Other than the recreation (or attempt to) of Woodstock, there are a ton of music festivals held each year in areas like the 600-acre dairy farm that Woodstock took place at. I happened to attend one of the three-day festivals that took place this year in Delaware, called The Firefly Music Festival. While I can’t fully compare it to Woodstock because the festivals are too commercialized these days, I would like to think that I was able to feel at least an ounce of what people did 44 years ago at Woodstock. I felt the peace, the joy, and the love around me. Woodstock taught America that we could unify ourselves with music (2013, 01).

I think that the most important thing that Woodstock left us with was the will power people had afterward to spread love, equality, and environmentalism (2012). Woodstock was a pivotal moment for many young people. It was the moment they knew what they wanted to give to the world, whether that was their music, their voice, or their vote.

 My Thoughts on Woodstock
It’s been 44 years and Woodstock is still a well-known topic in the Music Industry. I know that 5 years from now, I will still be studying this event. The procedures for setting the event up will be pertinent in my future musical endeavors. I know that no matter what our country is going through, a little bit of music can create some sort of freedom for everyone. Woodstock taught me that a music festival is the perfect way to introduce new artists.  Carlos Santana, for example, wasn’t well known until he attended Woodstock (2008, 08)! Being that he performed with the other big names, at a large festival, developed a good reputation for him!

Woodstock made it possible for young adults, like myself, to come together in a wild and free atmosphere and just relax. There is so much criticism that surrounds the story of Woodstock, but I believe that it was a beautiful and powerful event. Woodstock was a treat to those who attended. I could never be get tired of hearing stories about Woodstock because it’s history has impacted me so deeply.

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Eminem’s “The Marshall Mathers LP” Podcast

Independent Research Podcast Entry

*Background music is songs from Eminem’s Marshall Mathers LP. I do not own any rights to the songs and this is strictly for educational use.

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Skrillex

Electronic Music Innovations Entry

(2012, 16)

“For me, it’s important to believe in and love the music you’re making.” – Skrillex

(2011)

(2011)

Skrillex’s Musical Impact
Sonny Moore, also known as Skrillex went from being a band member, to being a sought after DJ, to becoming a highly anticipated music producer. Skrillex has taken advantage of the impact technology and the Internet has had on the music industry. Skrillex has been experimenting with electronic music since he was 14 years old.
After touring with a Punk Rock band as a teenager, Skrillex decided to delve more into Electronic music. Skrillex has always refused to be restricted by just one musical genre and tends to venture into many different genres. With synth melodies and wah-wah bass, he describes his music as, “a mixture of Dubstep, Electro, and Glitch (2013).” Skrillex ended the bad sigma Electronica Dance music had gained by reinventing it with a mixture of genres that everyone could move to.

Influences
As a very young child, Skrillex was influenced by Michael Jackson. (2013, 17).  It wasn’t until he got his first guitar at age 9 that he became interested in Rock music. While Skrillex admits that he can he can find inspiration in almost anything, his mentions that he grew up listening to Autechre, Squarepusher, and Aphex Twin.

My Impression of Skrillex
I love that Skrillex can draw influence from just about anything. He pours all of his creativity into his music, like a painter does with a canvas. His determination and passion are what make him a great role model for new artists. His success story is inspirational. He followed his dreams by working hard even when times were tough and it paid off in the end. He lets the music lead and control him, which is exactly how every legend was born. I am not saying that he has reached legendary status yet, but if he continues to transform music the way he has, then he could go above and beyond other innovators.

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Kraftwerk

Electronic Music Entry

(2007, 08)

Kraftwerk’s Beginning and Image

(1978)

(1978)


Kraftwerk is a German band that emerged with a new and unusual style of music in the 1970’s. While other bands were releasing contemporary Pop music, Kraftwerk kept true to their German identity by releasing songs with German lyrics. (2008, 2). These lyrics were unusual because they lacked real meaning and depth. Their German songs basically made no sense, but the sound was so unique and unusual that they became an enormous international success.
Kraftwerk’s image was very structured and even robotic. They were very clean-cut, well-dressed musicians that moved like robots and looked like mannequins. Their image almost favored that of a German soldier. While performing, it’s looks as if every movement they make has been arranged. Their odd image combined with their electronic sound made them seem, what I would best describe as, extraterrestrial.

Kraftwerk’s Unique Music
 Kraftwerk introduced the world to electronic music. Every piece of electronic music can be dated back to an idea that Kraftwerk formulated. In the start of their career their music and image was so different and strange that audiences didn’t understand their style.
Kraftwerk used a synthesizer as a rhythmic instrument, making them the first to create the electronic drum kit. They performed live without a real drummer using this kit. Kraftwerk’s innovation is used every day in a wide range of genres.

Kraftwerk’s Albums (1974-1981)
 Like other Europeans with a classical background, each of Kraftwerk’s albums were based on a single concept. In their first international album, Autobahn, they used travel as a concept. The band literally took the time to listen to and recreate the sound of engines, the sound of a train on a track, and the sound of a car rolling down a highway. The idea of taking a normal, every day sound and using electronic music to recreate it is an extraordinary innovation that many musicians still implement to this very day.
After releasing Autobahn in 1974, Kraftwerk polished up their musical sound and took advantage of the new technological advances. They released their second album, titled Radio-Activity, at the end of 1974. Radio-Activity combined the sound of nuclear energy and radio. This album was a lot different than Autobahn in the sense that it was more meaningful and whimsical. By this time, Kraftwerk was very experimental. They finally transitioned into entirely electronic equipment.
Kraftwerk took a few years off and in 1977 Kraftwerk released Trans-Europe Express. The concept of this album was that of a train journey. You will hear the emulation of a train, that I mentioned earlier, in the this album. This albums’ focus was on distorted vocals, repetitive rhythms, and simplicity. This album had a huge success in the US.
The next two albums released were Man-Machine (2005, 3) in 1978 and Computer World in 1981. While Kraftwerk’s music has been described as out of this world at times, Man-Machine is the album that confirms it. With songs like, “We Are Robots,” it is evident that this bad is making it a point to detach themselves from reality. As for Computer World, (2005, 15) the theme is technology. It is no surprise that Kraftwerk used technology as an album concept, since their entire style is based on electronics. This album contains everything that Kraftwerk is known for: interesting beeps, heavy synthesizers, and catchy melodies. This album is considered the last of their great albums.

My Impression of Kraftwerk
Kraftwerk is definitely one of the most experimental and successful bands of it’s generation. The imagination, creativity, and talent in their music deserve recognition. This band basically created the Electronic music genre. That’s impressive! Their techniques and styles are used in a wide variety of music, still today. I enjoy their unique sound and I think that their music is fun to listen to.

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Multimedia Presentation- Brian Eno

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Marvin Gaye’s What’s Goin’ On

What’s Goin’ On entry

“War is not the answer, because only love can conquer hate.” – Marvin Gaye (2013)

“Marvin Gaye is one of the greatest male voices of all time. So covering a Marvin Gaye song, especially one as quintessential as ‘What’s Going On,’ I was a little hesitant in doing so. But I felt that it was one of those songs which spoke to a whole generation.” – Seal (2013)

(Motown, 1971)

(Motown, 1971)

Before What’s Goin’ On
 Marvin Gaye, “The Prince of Soul,” (2013) became a Motown sensation in the 1960’s. He played the piano and percussion. He was also a drummer for a lot of well-known Motown musicians such as, Stevie Wonder and The Supremes. Marvin Gaye was considered one of the top sex symbols (2001) in the 60’s before the release of What’s Goin’ On. As a child, Marvin Gaye was raised to only show love to the world and to never speak of hate. Even though Marvin’s Motown songs were always upbeat and aimed toward teenagers, his heart always held the will to help people through his music. Being the spiritual rebel that Marvin was, he decided to follow his heart, even if it meant losing supporters along the way.

 Influences and the Start of What’s Goin’ On
Ronaldo Benson, of the Four Tops, decided it was time that someone spoke out against the social and economic struggles that surrounded him. In 1969, Ronald Benson expressed his views on the negativity around him by writing the song What’s Goin’ On. He knew that he needed someone talented and passionate to sing this song; this is when he reached out to Marvin Gaye.
Marvin Gaye, he [Benson] knew, already felt deeply concerned about these issues. Marvin Gaye was inspired to sing this song and added his own lyrics and emotion to it. With this song’s meaning in his heart and the advice from his brother to, “Fight using his music,” (2001) Gaye decided to write and entire album dedicated to the social situations.

 Obstacles and Down Time
Motown producer, Berry Gordon, completely disapproved of this album. The Motown team always avoided singing about controversial or political subjects. What’s Goin’ On’s premise was nothing but radical; it was entirely different from all other Motown records and it was basically forbad by Berry.  Berry thought it would ruin Gaye’s career and refused to release the album (2001).
Marvin was so passionate and confident about this album that he refused to record again until Motown released his album. Being the two stubborn men that they were, neither one backed down or gave in. Since Marvin was no longer recording he decided to pursue something else that he enjoyed. He decided to train and tryout for the Detroit Lions. He dedicated a lot of time and energy to playing football, but ultimately, he wasn’t taken seriously and wasn’t accepted into the team.
At some point during his down time, What’s Goin’ On was mistakenly sent out to, industry veteran, Harry Balk. He listened to the record and it moved him so much that he let a lot of industry professional hear it. Everyone loved the record, except for top producers. He even tried convincing Berry to release it, but he refused. Eventually, the record was released behind Berry Gordon’s back.

Marvin Gaye and His Motown Image
After the release of What’s Goin On, Marvin changed his physical appearance completely. He wanted a brand new look to go along with his brand new sound. He grew his beard out and created an image that audiences could relate to. He brought in background singers and a variety of musicians to make What’s Goin’ On sound completely different from any other Motown song.
This was something Motown had never seen before. With his emotion filled, avant-garde lyrics, Marvin changed the sound of Motown forever. He became the first among many artists to sing about important social matters. On the day of its release in 1971, his album sold over 100,000 copies. Marvin Gaye’s had a vision and he went for it

 My Thoughts on the Album
What’s Goin’ On’s concerns are comparable to todays’. Hilton (2011, 01) said it best, “If Marvin were here today, He’d be singing about it.” Our day and age needs an activist like Marvin to raise awareness. I respect him for his courage to stand up for what he believed in. This album is the very definition of real music. It is encouraging to find an artist that uses his craft to make the world a better place. What’s Goin’ On not only reached out to audiences, but it gave other artists the courage to follow in his footsteps. This album will never become irrelevant. It still touches listeners emotionally today, as it did over 40 years ago. Any album that is pertinent four decades later goes down in my book as a classic.

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Curiosity Created The Cat

Brian Eno- 40 Years of Changing Music Entry

“Recording was a way of painting with sound.” –Brian Eno (2013, 14)

(Lousy, 2011)

(Lousy, 2011)

Many say that curiosity killed the cat. In Brian Eno’s case, I like to say that curiosity created the cat. He is a singer, instrumentalist, composer, and producer. He is the vision behind Experimental and Ambient. Brian Eno is the cat.

Inspiration and Influences
Due to his exposure to many different cultures and genres (1988), Brian Eno’s influences are on a very wide spectrum. Someone of almost every genre has inspired Brian Eno. He names influences such as Chuck Berry, Buddy Holly, and Bo Diddly from his childhood. He describes their music as “alien” and “magical” because it was so different from what he was used to. As Brian grew older, he found interest in the soft voices and smooth sounds of R&B and Big Band Jazz. He loved the African sounds and used these sounds when he created his own music. During the time of the Pop Art Movement, Brian Eno found inspiration is artists with ambiguous, yet artsy music, like The Who and Velvet Underground. A lot of Brian Eno’s views and theories came from the composer and writer, John Cage. John Cage’s book Silence (1961) really opened Eno’s mind to the complexity of the world around him. Although Brian Eno is sometimes vague when it comes to his influences, he has been known to quote John Cage.

Compare and Contrast
Being interested in Brian Eno’s progress throughout the years, I chose to compare and contrast Brian Eno’s first solo album, Here Come The Warm Jets, released in 1972 and one of his last solo albums, Small Craft on a Milk Sea, released in 2010.
In his first album, one minute a song can sound a bit like Sci-Fi and the next minute it has a Rock and Roll feel to it. Small Craft on a Milk Sea, on the other hand, is a completely Ambient album sharing the Sci-Fi feel in some areas. While Small Craft on a Milk Sea, has no vocals at all; Here Come The Warm Jets is filled with loud, pitchy, and intense vocals over conflicting music beds. His instrumentals are very repetitive, textured, and complex in Here Come The Warm Jets with unusual sounds, odd breaks of silence, and weird hit points. These albums are almost the complete opposite of each other. Here Come The Warm Jets’ songs make me feel perplexed and everything happens so suddenly. I prefer Small Craft on a Milk Sea out of the two because every piece of this album is filled with wonder and mystery. This album affects me emotionally; the first one does not.

Brian Eno’s Impact on the Music Industry
Brian Eno is a humble man that doesn’t like to call himself an innovator. He is more of an artist that takes a forgotten sound or idea, reevaluates it and revives it with his own flair. Something that sets his records apart from other is that Eno likes to combine sounds that most would say clashed together. For example, he has combined light and minimal music with loud, pitchy, sarcastic lyrics. He enjoys the conflicting context. His music is different because he strives to affect the listener psychologically.
When producing, it’s been said that Brian would give his musicians cards with random written words on them during a recording session (2011, 6). These words will be vague, but powerful. He will give a musician a card and tell them to play what that card means. The words can vary; they can be as simple as a feeling or as complex as an object. This was his way of inspiring a musician with a direction, while giving them creative freedom.

My Impression of Brian Eno
Brian Eno’s music is unusual. His music is so peculiar that it makes an audience want to hear more. He creates the exact kind of music that inspired him growing up. His music that makes you wonder how he blends such peculiar sounds that result in such masterpieces. As an individual, his words inspire me. His views on life, music, and the world around him are what make him an inspiration to me.

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The Beatles’ Revolver

Revolver Entry

(Voormann, Klaus)

(Voormann, Klaus)

Before Revolver
Before The Beatles recorded Revolver, they were a great British pop band that drove the crowds wild, mainly young women. Their songs were fun to sing along with and dance to. They were continuously rising on the charts and were finally becoming a big name in America! They sang influential, catchy love songs, but eventually they became bored with creating the same type of music over and over again.

Creating Revolver and the (Non-Musical) Influences
Finally, The Beatles took a break from touring for the first time since their careers sky rocketed. During this break the band began creating a type of music that excited them! They had finally found their creative flair. They were very influenced by Psychedelic books, sounds, and music. It was at this time that they also began experimenting with drugs, such as LSD. Some believe this was the influence for the lyrical content in Revolver. (2006, May 15) I personally believe that this album was proof that their music had matured. With powerful songs like, “Taxman,” and “Eleanor Rigby”, you couldn’t doubt that The Beatles were reaching a new level with their words and music.

The Studio Instrument and Other Innovations
Amongst their creativity, they did something that was new in that era. Paul Mccartney created the song, “Paperback Writer”, and sang it as if he were reading a letter. In fact, those who have seen a copy of the lyrics, say it was written as if it were a letter. Everything about this was unique, from the song’s structure to the delayed harmonizing in the vocals to the French nursery rhyme (2011, December 28) in the background vocals.

This band developed a very unique idea to use the studio as an instrument, during the recording of Revolver. They gave their audience a personal listen in on their recording session, as you can hear them counting off before beginning their session. In some of the songs you can even hear them

 The Beatles used compression as a sonic tool on drums tracks to create a unique sound that was yet to be heard. The producer, George Martin, would experiment with tapes in many different ways after they were recorded. He would reverse sounds, such as cymbals. He would process tracks over and over until they had the distorted sounds that he was looking for. Other than speeding up and slowing down vocals, John Lennon (Or George Martin, It’s unsure as to who’s idea it was) even ran vocals backwards in the song, “Rain.” The Beatles engineers also came up with double tracking. This is where they would record separate tracks and layer them with a slight delay to create one artificial track. This innovation is commonly used today!

In the song, “Yellow Submarine,” the band uses a variety of different sounds like the clinking of glasses and bubbles being blown from a straw. This song shows another example of how the studio was used as an instrument. You can hear the laughter and chatter of the band in the background during the chorus.

My Thoughts on the Album
This is album is definitely my favorite of all of the Beach Boy’s albums. While I enjoy the album, I am one of the many that believe drugs were involved in the creation process because of the lyrical content. Some of the songs are very soulful and powerful, while other are just puzzling and don’t make sense to me. The entire album was a complex work of art, in the best possible way.

As an industry professional, I respect songs that I can either relate to, that inspire me, or that are very unique. I can definitely say that the songs on Revolver are unique for that time period. I love the immense amount of creativity put into this album. From the way the mood of the songs down to annunciation of the lyrics, the Beatles changed Pop music forever with this album. There is no doubt that Revolver will go down in history as one of the best albums ever created.

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